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Within our skin we have a natural component which defines the colour or pigment of our skin; this is called melanin. Melanin levels are affected by skin type, those with darker skin types such as Mediterranean, Asian or African skin having more melanin than Caucasians, for example. Exposure to ultra-violet or UV radiation from the sun will increase the melanin levels in the skin which leads to a tanned appearance.

Over time, exposure to the sun can cause increased and permanent pigmentation changes, which is in fact sun damage. Often referred to as sun spots or age spots, patches or spots of increased pigmentation can appear on the face, hands and décolletage, having a freckle-like appearance. Fluctuations in hormone levels, due to pregnancy or the menopause, as well as acne, can cause pigmentation concerns, changes or increases in pigmented areas.

Increases in pigmentation, such as through sun damage to your skin, is called hyperpigmentation and can be improved with various treatments. Mild pigmentation concerns respond well to AlumierMD skin peels or regular Hydrafacial treatments, as well as the use of certain professional strength skincare treatments which can be used to lighten hyperpigmented skin. In some cases, these skin creams must be individually prescribed for you to use at home and you will require regular monitoring by our trained staff. More pronounced pigmentation concerns can be treated with our Vbeam Perfecta pulsed dye laser.

Hyperpigmentation is not the same as moles or precancerous lesions. If you are at all concerned about the appearance of, or changes in any such blemish on your face or body, such as a mole, you should let our qualified doctor know and a private GP appointment can be made to access the concern.

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